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Spiders - Arizona is home to many varieties of spiders to include the Black Widow spider; a poisonous spider whose bite can be dangerous with complications ranging from muscle cramps, abdominal pain, muscle spasms and even tissue necrosis at the site of the bite. Black widow bites can even prove fatal to infants, small children, the elderly and the infirm.
Ticks - A blood sucking external parasite that feed on the blood of an unlucky host animal such as our canine companions. Ticks can transmit diseases such as Lyme Disease, ehrlichiosis and Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever.
Bedbugs - These parasitic insects feed exclusively on blood have made a huge resurgence from near eradication in the 1940's. While bedbugs are not known to transmit any pathogens or diseases their bites can cause allergic reactions and a rash as well as adverse psychological effects. Bedbugs are small, elusive, nocturnal insects that can enter your home in from many sources, usually as a hitch hiker on clothing or luggage. Once inside the home bedbugs can breed and multiply quickly.
Mosquitoes - There are two main types of mosquitoes in Maricopa County - Stagnant Water Mosquitoes and Intermittent Water Mosquitoes. Both types feed on blood and are responsible for the spread of the West Nile virus from an infected bird to humans via their bite. West Nile Virus is a potentially dangerous infection that can cause swelling of the brain, seizures and in rare cases, cause death.
Mice - There are two types of mice commonly found in the Phoenix Metro area; the common house mouse and the deer mouse. Both varieties are prolific breeders capable of up to 8 litters of young per year. When mice infest a home or other structure, they can be extremely destructive, chewing through walls, insulation and electrical wiring. Mice also carry and can transmit many diseases to include Salmonella and Hantavirus.
Roof Rat - These rats are typically 13 - 18 inches long including the tail, dark colored (black or brown) and have large ears. Rood rats are nocturnal in nature and are very good climbers and are capable of climbing walls, utility lines, trees etc to move from structure to structure and commonly make their nest in oleanders, wood piles or in attics. Roof rats typically feed on fruit such as citrus, vegetables, nuts and pet food that is left out. The roof rat can have up to four litters of young per year with each litter containing 5 to 8 young.
Cockroach - Most commonly found indoors, preferring moist, warm areas of a structure such as a kitchen or bathroom. German cockroaches are opportunistic feeders and are known for their ability to survive on small quantities of food such as crumbs or food particles left on dishes in the sink. Even in the absence of common food sources, German cockroaches can survive on items such as toothpaste, soap and book bindings. A cockroach infestation can lead to the spread of diseases such as salmonella, staphylococcus and streptococcus.